Appendix 2: Tables

Distance Education

Does your institution offer any distance education courses (Survey)

82.9%
Yes
13.6%
No
3.6%
No Answer

Does your institution offer any distance education courses

Type of institution
Cegep College University
Yes 44.8% 96.3% 98.1%
No 55.2% 3.7% 1.9%

Does your institution offer any distance education courses – Size of Institution

Total Enrollment
1 – 1,499 1,500 – 2,999 3,000 – 7,499 7,500 – 14,999 15,000 – 29,999 30,000 +
Yes 76.0% 83.3% 76.9% 100.0% 100.0% 91.7%
No 24.0% 16.7% 23.1% 0.0% 0.0% 8.3%

Does your institution offer any distance education courses – Size of Institution

Total Enrollment
1 – 999 1,000 – 1,999 2,000 – 3,999 4,000 – 9,999 10,000 +
Yes 83.3% 68.8% 83.9% 80.6% 97.8%
No 16.7% 31.3% 16.1% 19.4% 2.2%

Does your institution offer distance education courses (all sources)

76.8%
Yes
19.7%
No
3.4%
No Answer

Does your institution offer distance education courses (all sources)

Type of institution
Cegep College University
Yes 50% 80% 90%

Method of Distance Education Delivery

Technologies Used in the Delivery of Distance Courses

11.2%
Live or recorded broadcasting
12.1%
Other
22.4%
Print-based
44.8%
Video- or audio conferencing
98.3%
Primary via the internet

Technologies Used in the Delivery of Distance Courses

Cegep College University
Live or recorded broadcasting 30.8% 5.8% 11.8%
Other 15.4% 13.5% 9.8%
Print-based 15.4% 30.8% 15.7%
Video- or audio conferencing 38.5% 40.4% 51.0%
Primary via the internet 92.3% 98.1% 100.0%

Online Course Offerings

Does your institution offer any online education courses for credit?

85.2%
Yes
14.8%
No

Does your institution offer any online education courses for credit?

Cegep College University
Yes 42.9% 94.4% 98.1%

Does your institution offer any online education courses for credit – by institution size

Total Enrollment
1 – 1,999 2,000 – 9,999 2,000 – 9,999
Yes 72.4% 82.3% 97.7%

Institutions offering online courses: 2011-2016

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Offered 94 96 99 100 104 105
Not offered 20 19 18 19 18 18
Don’t know 8 7 5 3 0 0

Online Course Enrolments

CEGEP online education courses for credit by year

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Cégep@distance 10,039 11,130 10,565 9,563 7,357
All Other 458 647 1,227 1,809 2,785

Colleges outside Québec online education courses for credit by year

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
 60,002  71,401  79,784  82,664  96,578

Universities online education courses for credit by year

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
69,197 86,119 93,869 99,693 104,801

Online Offerings by Subject Area

University Online Course Offerings
Dentistry 5%
Forestry 7%
Architecture, Landscape Architecture 9%
Pharmaceutical Sciences 9%
Audiology and Speech Sciences 12%
Community and Regional Planning 12%
Journalism 12%
Medicine 14%
Law 19%
Library, Archival and Information Studies 19%
Agriculture, Land and Food Systems 26%
Engineering 28%
Music 30%
Visual and Performing Arts 33%
Kinesiology and Physical Education 35%
Environmental Studies 37%
Other 42%
Information Technology, Computer Science 47%
Social Work 47%
Media and Communications Studies 51%
Nursing 53%
Science 65%
Education 77%
Business, Commerce, Management 84%
Arts and Social Sciences 86%
University Online Program Offerings
Dentistry 0%
Engineering 0%
Forestry 0%
Medicine 0%
Pharmaceutical Sciences 0%
Architecture, Landscape Architecture 3%
Journalism 3%
Music 3%
Visual and Performing Arts 3%
Audiology and Speech Sciences 7%
Community and Regional Planning 7%
Kinesiology and Physical Education 7%
Law 7%
Library, Archival and Information Studies 10%
Agriculture, Land and Food Systems 13%
Information Technology, Computer Science 13%
Environmental Studies 20%
Media and Communications Studies 20%
Science 23%
Social Work 30%
Nursing 33%
Other 33%
Education 53%
Arts and Social Sciences 57%
Business, Commerce, Management 67%
Anglophone College Online Course Offerings
Agriculture and Conservation 11%
Transportation 16%
Natural Resources 20%
Visual and Performing Arts 23%
Other 30%
Media Studies 39%
Trades 39%
Law and Justice 43%
Applied Arts 45%
Technology 48%
Computing and Information Sciences 55%
Communications  (Language Studies) 59%
Community Services 59%
General Education 61%
Business 84%
Health 84%
Anglophone College Online Course Offerings
Visual and Performing Arts 3%
Agriculture and Conservation 6%
Media Studies 6%
Communications  (Language Studies) 9%
Law and Justice 9%
Natural Resources 9%
Applied Arts 12%
General Education 12%
Transportation 12%
Trades 21%
Computing and Information Sciences 26%
Technology 26%
Other 26%
Community Services 41%
Health 56%
Business 65%
Francophone College Online Course Offerings
Agriculture 0%
Architecture et génie 0%
Électronique 0%
Environnement forestier et faunique 0%
Esthétique et coiffure 0%
Mécanique et entretien 0%
Secteur halieutique 0%
Autre 20%
Construction, bois ouvré 20%
Industriel/métaux/techniques de soudage 20%
Logistique et transport 20%
Métiers et techniques appliquées 20%
Sciences appliquées/naturelles 20%
Sécurité/services d’urgence 20%
Services juridiques/justice 20%
Arts, design et culture 40%
Médias 40%
Programmes préparatoires 40%
Sciences humaines 40%
Services communautaires 40%
Communication/langues/formation linguistique 60%
Éducation 60%
Hôtellerie/tourisme 60%
Informatique/technologie de l’information 60%
Sciences de la santé 60%
Secrétariat 60%
Administration/affaires/gestion 80%
Francophone College Online Program Offering
Agriculture 0%
Architecture et génie 0%
Électronique 0%
Environnement forestier et faunique 0%
Esthétique et coiffure 0%
Logistique et transport 0%
Mécanique et entretien 0%
Métiers et techniques appliquées 0%
Sciences appliquées/naturelles 0%
Secteur halieutique 0%
Services juridiques/justice 0%
Arts, design et culture 20%
Autre 20%
Construction, bois ouvré 20%
Industriel/métaux/techniques de soudage 20%
Médias 20%
Sécurité/services d’urgence 20%
Communication/langues/formation linguistique 40%
Programmes préparatoires 40%
Sciences humaines 40%
Secrétariat 40%
Services communautaires 40%
Hôtellerie/tourisme 60%
Informatique/technologie de l’information 60%
Sciences de la santé 60%
Administration/affaires/gestion 80%
Éducation 80%

Institutional Policies

How important is online learning for your institution long-term

39.2%
Extremely important
26.9%
Very important
20.8%
Moderately important
10.8%
Slightly important
2.3%
Not important

How important is online learning for your institution long-term

Cegep College University
Extremely important 11.5% 51.9% 40.4%
Very important 30.8% 23.1% 28.8%
Moderately important 23.1% 15.4% 25.0%

Does your institution have a strategic plan or institutional strategy for e-learning

14.2%
Yes, fully implemented
26.0%
Yes, being implemented
32.3%
Currently developing
21.3%
Not yet
6.3%
Not necessary

Technologies Used in Online Learning

Technologies used in online learning

Extensively used Moderate use
Other 22% 28%
Open texts 3% 15%
OER 5% 35%
Webinars 9% 26%
Social media 10% 39%
Video streaming 20% 42%
Conf. 24% 33%
Print 26% 29%
LMS 87% 5%

Benefits of Online Learning

Re-invigorates instructors 8%
Better learning outcomes 12%
Other 17%
Implements government policies 21%
More cost-effective 22%
More engaging for students 31%
Faculty focus on best practices 33%
Develops needed student skills 38%
Shortage of physical spaces 41%
More innovative teaching 61%
Increased enrolments 76%
Greater access/flexibility for students 99%

Challenges of Online Learning

What to do about MOOCs 9%
Other 14%
Lack of support from government 34%
Inappropriate existing organizational structure 36%
Developing clear rationale for online learning 37%
Developing a strategy for open educational resources 40%
Lack of specialist learning technology staff 48%
Perceived quality of online courses 55%
Resistance by instructors to online learning 65%
Instructors have inadequate training/ pedagogical knowledge for online learning 69%
Identifying adequate resources 83%

Blended and Hybrid Learning

Proportion of Courses Offered as Blended/Hybrid

17.1%
None
48.6%
Up to 10%
10.8%
10%-30%
12.6%
30%+
10.8%
Don’t know

Contract Training

Does Your Institution Offer Contract Training

36.2%
Yes
58.3%
No
5.5%
Don’t know

Does Your Institution Offer Contract Training

Type of institution
Cegep College University
Yes 19.2% 44.0% 37.3%

 MOOCs

Has your institution offered any MOOCs

18.8%
Yes
81.3%
No

What are your institution’s plans for MOOCs in the future?

32.6%
No interest
18.6%
Left to individual faculty
16.3%
Support increased use of MOOCs
1.2%
Only support existing MOOCs
31.4%
Unsure

Comparing Canada and the United States

Percentage of U.S. institutions that offer distance education – by institution size

48.4%
Under 1,000
83.8%
1,000 – 4,999
97.0%
5,000 – 9,999
97.9%
10,000 – 19,999
99.6%
20,000 and above

See a list of institutions in this survey in Appendix 3